Various Benefits of Ginger, From Preventing Nausea to Fighting Cancer
Various Benefits of Ginger, From Preventing Nausea to Fighting Cancer
The benefits of ginger are not just plants that can warm the body alone. Ginger is a plant originating from Southeast Asia. This ginger plant then spread to various countries. Famous for its distinctive aroma, ginger is used as an ingredient in cooking as well as alternative medicine in China, India, and the Middle East.
When choosing ginger, especially if you want to use it for treatment, you can choose fresh ginger, the structure is sturdy, smooth, and not moldy. What are the benefits of ginger that you can get for health?
Use and benefits of ginger
Fresh ginger has a stronger flavor compared to ginger powder, the content of gingerol which is good for health is also still widely available in the benefits of fresh ginger. To take advantage of fresh ginger, you can mix ginger with dishes such as processed seafood dishes, salad toppings, and mixes of your smoothies or juices.
But if you choose ginger in powder form, make sure you choose a ginger powder that is still pure. Ginger powder drinks sold on the market usually contain added sugar. Store the ginger powder in a tightly closed container and store in a dry, dark and not stuffy or hot place.
Benefits of ginger for health
- Overcoming digestive problems
The benefits of ginger have a long history of dealing with digestive related problems. Known from generation to generation, ginger is one of the alternative ingredients to facilitate the digestive system. Phenolic content in ginger serves to relieve symptoms of gastrointestinal irritation, stimulate saliva, prevent contractions in the stomach, to help move food and beverages while in the digestive tract.
Ginger is also called carminative, a substance that can help remove excess gas in your digestive system. Digestive problems such as colic and dyspepsia can be treated with ginger.
- Reducing nausea
overcome nausea due to cervical cancer
The benefits of ginger can relieve nausea caused by morning sickness, vertigo, and side effects of cancer treatment. You can eat ginger raw or make it a drink, ginger in the form of candy can also work well, especially in dealing with nausea suffered by pregnant women.
- Reducing pain
A study conducted at the University of Georgia states that consuming ginger supplements every day can reduce muscle aches caused by exercise by up to 25%. The benefits of ginger can also reduce pain due to dysmenorrhea, pain during menstruation. In one study, it was mentioned that 60% of women feel pain due to menstruation decreases after consuming ginger.
- Helps the detoxification process and prevents skin diseases
Ginger is one type of food called diaphoretic, the benefits of ginger can also trigger sweat. Sweating is beneficial for you especially when you have a fever or flu. In addition to helping the detoxification process, sweating can also protect you from microorganisms that can cause infection on the skin. Experts study a type of protein called dermcidin, produced in the sweat glands and serves to protect the body from bacteria such as E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and fungi that can cause skin diseases.
- Protect you from cancer
cancer patients have difficulty sleeping
One of the ingredients in the benefits of ginger which plays a role in preventing cancer is gingerol, a phytonutrient in ginger which also gives a unique taste to ginger.
Gingerol can prevent the growth of colon cancer cells. The University of Minnesota conducted an experiment on a group of rats, in the group, given gingerol, there were 4 mice that had large intestine tumors, while in the group not given gingerol there were 13 mice that had tumor growth.
Until the 49th day of the study, all mice not given gingerol were finally injected to death because the tumor growth was too large, while in mice given gingerol the tumor size was half the size of mice injected dead.
The same researcher then tested whether, in addition to preventing tumor formation, gingerol can also prevent the spread and reduce the severity of tumor cells. The study yielded positive results. Gingerol is considered capable of preventing the spread and worsening of tumor cells that cannot be operated on.
Colorectal cancer is a term used to refer to cancer that starts from the large intestine to the rectum (anus). This cancer can also be referred to as colon cancer or rectal cancer separately, depending on where cancer starts. What effect does having colon cancer have on the health of the digestive system? Here’s the explanation. How the normal digestive system works The large intestine and rectum are part of the digestive system.
The first part of the digestive system (stomach and small intestine) processes food as energy, while the last part (large intestine and rectum) absorbs liquid to form solid impurities which are then removed from the body. After chewing and swallowing, food moves from the esophagus to the stomach.
This is where food is partially decomposed and then sent to the small intestine, also called the small intestine. The intestine is called small because it is narrower than the large intestine (colon and rectum), but the small intestine is actually the longest part of the digestive system – about 6 meters long.
The small intestine functions to continue the decomposition of food and absorb most nutrients, which are then circulated throughout the body. The small intestine connects to the large intestine in the lower right abdomen. Most of the large intestine consists of muscular canals with a length of about 1.5 meters. The colon absorbs water and salt from food waste and serves as a storage place for dirt residue.
anatomy of the large intestine (source: WebMD) The large intestine (colon) has 4 parts: The first part is called the ascending colon. This section begins with a small sac (cecum) in which the small intestine is connected to the colon and extends upward on the right side of the abdomen.
The cecum is also the place where the appendix is connected to the colon. The second part is called the transverse colon because it stretches from the right side to the left upper abdomen. The third part, called the descending colon, continues to extend down on the left side. The fourth and final part is called the sigmoid colon because its shape resembles the letters “S” or “sigmoid.” The remaining food substances left after passing through the colon are called feces or feces. This dirt is transported and stored in the rectum, in the last 15 cm from the digestive system until the time is released from the body through the anus.
The walls of the large intestine and rectum are formed from several layers. Colorectal cancer starts in the deepest layer and can grow through some or all of the other layers. The extent of the spread of colon cancer will depend on how deeply cancer grows into these layers. Development of colon cancer in the body Most colon cancer develops slowly for several years. Before cancer develops, tissue growth or tumor usually starts as a non-cancerous polyp in the wall in the large intestine or rectum.
Developmental stage of colon cancer (Ki-ka: benign colon polyps to become cancerous tumors) source: askdoctork.com Tumors are abnormal tissue and can be benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancer). Polyps are benign non-cancerous tumors. Some polyps can turn cancerous, but not all of them. The possibility of changing polyps into cancer depends on the type of polyp itself.
There are two main types of polyps: Adenomatous polyps/adenomas (second image from the left) are polyps that can turn into cancer. Therefore, adenomas are referred to as pre-cancerous conditions. Hyperplastic polyps and inflammatory polyps, in general, are not pre-cancerous.
However, some doctors think that some hyperplastic polyps can be pre-cancerous or can be a sign of an increased risk of adenoma and cancer, especially if these polyps grow in the ascending colon. Another type of pre-cancerous condition is called dysplasia (fourth image from the left from the illustration above). Dysplasia is an area in the wall of the large intestine or rectum where cells look abnormal, but not like the actual cancer cells when viewed with a microscope. These cells can turn into cancer over time.
Dysplasia is usually found in people who have had diseases such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease for years. Both ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease cause chronic inflammation of the large intestine. If polyps form, cancer can eventually begin to develop into the walls of the large intestine or rectum. When on the wall, cancer cells can then penetrate into blood vessels or lymph vessels.
Lymph vessels are thin and small channels that carry dirt and liquid. These channels first flow to the lymph nodes, which are peanut-shaped structures that contain immune cells that help fight infection. Once spread into blood vessels or lymph vessels, cancer cells can move to the nearest lymph nodes or other parts of the body, such as the liver. When cancer spreads to distant parts of the body, this is called metastasis.
Types of colon cancer Some types of cancer can start in the large intestine or rectum, for example, Adenocarcinoma More than 95% of colorectal cancers are adenocarcinoma cancers. This cancer starts in cells that form mucus-producing glands to lubricate the walls in the large intestine and rectum.
When doctors talk about colon cancer, this is what they almost always mean. Carcinoid tumors These tumors start from special hormone-producing cells in the intestine. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) This tumor starts from special cells in the wall of the large intestine called interstitial cells from Cajal.
Some are benign (non-cancerous), and others are malignant (cancer). These tumors can be found in any part of the digestive system, but are rarely found in the large intestine. Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects immune system cells, which usually starts in the lymph nodes.
Lymphoma can also begin in the large intestine, rectum, or other organs. Sarcoma is a type of tumor that can be started in blood vessels, muscles, and connective tissue in the walls of the large intestine and rectum. Colon sarcoma or rectal sarcoma is a rare type of cancer.
Gingerol is also anti-inflammatory. This explains why those who suffer from joint diseases such as osteoarthritis and rheumatism report reduced pain after consuming ginger regularly. Eating ginger not only reduces pain but also reduces swelling in the affected part. Ginger is thought to inhibit components that play a role in the inflammatory processes in the body such as cytokines, chemokines, chondrocytes, and leukocytes.
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