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Classification And Morphology Of Ginger Plants

Monday, April 1st, 2019 - READING

Classification And Morphology Of Ginger Plants

Classification And Morphology Of Ginger Plants

All must have known this plant, yes the ginger plant, especially the fruit. Moreover, ginger is popular among the community because of its benefits, such as for cooking spices and drinks, this has been done since 1500 years in several Asian regions.

Ginger plants can grow well because they are composed of stems, leaves, rhizomes, and flowers.

Here I explain from each of the constituent parts of the ginger plant:

Stem

The ginger stem grows perpendicular to the top with a flat round shape. The stem does not have branches, the stem is composed of sheaths with leaf midribs that cover each other until they look like stems.

The outside of the ginger stem contains wax, looks shiny, contains water, has a pale green color, while the base of the stem has a reddish color.

The stem of the ginger plant which is below or in the soil has the contents or strength, has meat, and has branches.

Leaf

The leaves on the ginger plant have midribs and strands. The midrib will stick to the leaf and wrap another Amu so that the stem is formed. There are white feathers above the leaf surface.

When the water needs of distant plants are met or enough, new shoots will emerge which will become new rhizomes at the base of the ginger leaves.

Rhizome

Rhizome is the result of the process of a stem that has an irregular shape. This rhizome is protected by leaves in the form of thin circular scales on the outside.

Usually, the rhizomes are utilized by the community for various purposes, such as medicinal raw materials, cooking spices, spices, drinks, food to one of the ingredients of perfume. Therefore, ginger rhizome has economic value.

Flower

Ginger plants have flowers in the protective armpit with various shapes, for example long, oval, oval, blunt and pointed. The length of the ginger flower is 2 – 2.5 cm while the width reaches 1 – 1.5 cm.

According to Rugayah (1994), the flowers on ginger are formed directly from the rhizomes, arranged in cylindrical spheres. Each flower is protected by protective leaves.

Ginger plants include hermaphroditic plants (twins) with each flower having 2 stems, one prospective fruit and two anthers.

Usually, ginger that is often used as a medicine is red ginger. This ginger has a spicy taste, contains little water, its rhizome has a slender shape, and is red in color.

During planting ginger requires rainfall between 2,500 – 4,000 mm / year.

This rainfall can be said to be high rainfall, but ginger also requires sufficient Sinatra sun, especially when it is 2.5 – 7 months old. The place for planting ginger requires a temperature of around 20-35 degrees Celsius.

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