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Classification and Morphology of Avocados

Monday, April 1st, 2019 - READING

Classification and Morphology of Avocados

Classification and Morphology of Avocados

Avocado Plants

Avocados are fruit-producing plants that can be consumed and of high economic value. In the world, avocados are used as table fruit and are consumed in the form of juices, made into beauty products, and eaten fresh. This plant is originally from Mexico and Central America and is the largest cultivation center in South America and Central America.

Avocado plants have many benefits for humans. The trunk can be used as fuel. The bark can be bolted with brown coloring products on skin-based products. Avocado leaves are beneficial for health, including treating stone urine, high blood pressure, headaches, nerve pain, gastric pain, and irregular periods. The fruit flesh can be used as a dish and is a basic ingredient in cosmetic and beauty products. The seeds can be used as clothing dyes that do not fade easily.

Classification of Avocado Plants

Kingdom: Plantae (Plant)

Subkingdom: Trachebionta (vascular plant)

Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Produces seeds)

Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants)

Class: Magnoliopsida (in two pieces/dicot)

Subclass: Magnoliidae

Order: Laurales

Family: Lauraceae

Genus: Persea

Species: Persea Americana


Avocado Morphology


Avocado root

The root system of avocado plants is riding with a length of between 5-10 m. Avocado roots are widespread on the ground with a length of 5-6 m or more. The root of the avocado plant serves to absorb water and nutrients from the soil, in addition to supporting the body to remain firm.


Avocado stem

Avocado plants have bricks with elongated round shape with a size of 5-10 meters long, brownish in color, woody and hard stem and have a hard skin layer. Avocado stems have many branches and twigs.


Avocado leaves

Avocado plants have a single leaf system with sightings, such as the color of green leaves to reddish, ovate or oval, the base of the leaves is tapered, the edges of leaves are flat and roll upward, the length of leaves is 10-20 cm and width is about 3-10 cm and smooth leaf surface. Avocado leaf regeneration system is pinnate.


Avocado flowers

Avocado plants have compound interest and have multiple genitals. Flowers are shaped almost like stars and are yellowish and greenish in color. Flowers arise from the armpit of leaves or twigs in the form of panicles. Pollination of flowers is aided by wind, rain, and insects or animals around it.



Avocado plants have oval round fruit with a length of 10-20 cm. Avocado fruit is greenish, yellowish, and on the surface of the fruit skin, there are fine purple-colored spots. The fleshy avocado is thick yellow (old) and green (young), has a single white seed and is round in shape.


Avocado Seeds

Avocado seeds are in an ovoid or oval fruit, white, and 2.5-5 cm in diameter. Seeds are a natural self-propagation tool in avocado plants. Seeds will germinate if the fall is right on good and fertile soil conditions and enough water.

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